Across the country, patrol officers are used to monitor specific geographical areas, moving through these areas at regular intervals in order to spot any signs of trouble. Officers on patrol are often the first to arrive at a scene, and respond to requests for calls of service. Of course, there are a number of different types of patrol transportation, and each comes with their own pros and cons. Here are a list of a few types of transports that patrol officers often utilize.
By far the most common form of transport used for patrol, the cruiser first began as an electric wagon used in Akron, Ohio in 1899. Since then the cruiser has innovated along with other four-wheeled automotives through history, and has now become the vehicle most are familiar with today. More and more patrol cars are being used over foot patrol due to the amount of ground that these vehicles can cover.
Often called a “motor” or “motor unit”, the motorcycle provides maneuverability that is simply impossible with a patrol car due to its size. Motorcycles are often used in crowded streets and when there is a collision among heavy congestion.
Much like motorcycles, an officer on a bike has much greater maneuverability at the cost of speed and amount of ground coverage. They are much more suited to navigating narrow or crowded areas. They also make police more approachable, especially in low-crime areas.
Patrols on horseback are not as common as they once were, but are still not considered an unusual sight. Mounted patrols are often used in metropolitan areas for ceremonial use, but are also often used for crowd control because of a mount’s mobility and intimidation factor, as well as giving the mounted officer a height and visibility advantage. Mounted patrols are also common in parks or wilderness areas, where it would be improbable to drive a car through.
These are only a few methods of patrol, but it just goes to show the resourcefulness of the law enforcement and how they’re able to use any method of transport to uphold the law and keep communities safe.
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